Green transport policy relies onenvironmentally friendly, climate-neutral mobility. That is why we want to strengthen the network of environmentally friendly modes of transport –walking, cycling,bus and rail – backed by a better legal framework and more investment. We want to achieve mobility for everyone based on an integrated Federal Mobility Plan. In specific terms, this means improving transport connections for structurally weak regions, for example, or supporting car-free mobility. Our policies also aim to increase traffic safety, guided by Vision Zero. Its target is to progressively reduce the number of road traffic fatalities and serious injuries to zero. To that end, we need a new speed restriction regime for our roads: 30/80/120.
Protecting the climate
We need a climate protection target for the transport sector which guides transport policy action across the board. By 2020, CO2 emissions in the transport sector must therefore be reduced by at least 30 per cent against the 1990 baseline. This means abolishing the tax concessions for aviation (fuel tax and VAT), combined with measures for this sector's more effective inclusion in emissions trading.
Traffic noise, land consumption and air pollution
We want to provide better protection from traffic noise from roads, rail and airports. People who are affected by this type of noise should have more rights. We want to double the amount of investment made in actively removing sources of noise and providing passive noise protection. The goal of limiting land consumption is a sustainability issue and must be taken seriously at last. Air pollutants, especially particles and nitrogen oxides, must be further reduced.
The railways do not need a new privatisation debate. Instead, we want to promote the switch from road to rail with a view to doubling the number of rail passengers by 2020. By introducing a reduced rate of VAT for long-distance journeys, we want to make rail travel more affordable. Competition between the various modes of transport and in the rail sector should also be improved. We need a new direction for infrastructure planning and long-distance passenger transport, and a "timetable" for the development of the German railways based on the Swiss model. And finally, by 2030, all the electricity needed to power the German railways should come from renewable energies.
Green Car Concept
With the Green Car Concept, we are proposing a new, ecologically sound direction in policy towards cars. This is also part of the Green New Deal. Instead of the scrappage allowance and government loans for car manufacturers, we need an innovation strategy for the German and European car industry. This will enable us to promote a sustainable lifestyle and economy. Electric mobility and its linkage with green power will play a key role in this context. Car sharing as an alternative to private vehicles is attracting more and more interest, and its development is an issue which is particularly close to our hearts.
For the transport infrastructure, the maintenance and smart management of existing capacities must take priority over new construction and expansion. There is a massive maintenance deficit which must be overcome over the next few years. With modern traffic telematics(ICT) systems for roadandrail, waterways and airports, it is possible to create new capacity without any new construction or expansion. We oppose the construction of new motorways and other road-building projects in ecologically sensitive areas.
Freight and logistics are an increasing cause of climate and environmental problems. What we offer instead is the "Greening Logistics" strategy. The core elements are the internalisation of external costs of the various modes of transport and hence a significant increase and expansion of the toll scheme for heavy goods vehicles, a model shift of freight to rail and inland shipping, and the avoidance of unnecessary transporting of goods halfway across Europe. We are in favour of watercourse-appropriate inland shipping, but we oppose the canalisation of free-flowing rivers. New international rules are required in order to curb the emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants from maritime transport. This includes developing shore-side connections to supply ships in port with clean electricity.